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The number of Syrians in Europe

As of 2024, the number of Syrian refugees in Europe continues to reflect the ongoing impact of the Syrian conflict, now in its thirteenth year. Europe hosts a significant portion of the global Syrian refugee population, with millions seeking asylum and temporary protection across various EU countries.

### Key Figures:

1. **Syrians in Europe**:

- Europe, including Turkey, hosts over 12 million people displaced by the Syrian crisis, making it the region with the largest number of Syrian refugees globally【103†source】.

- In 2023, Syrian nationals continued to be the largest group of asylum seekers in Europe, with a notable increase in applications compared to previous years【102†source】.

- Germany, Spain, France, Italy, and Greece are the primary destinations for Syrian asylum seekers, with Germany receiving the highest number of applications【94†source】.

2. **Refugee Distribution and Trends**:

- The Central Mediterranean route remains a significant entry point for Syrians arriving in Europe, with many traveling through Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria to reach Italy and Malta【93†source】.

- The Eastern Mediterranean route, involving travel through Turkey and into Greece, also continues to see substantial numbers of Syrian refugees【95†source】.

- The Western Balkan route is another critical pathway, with refugees moving from Turkey through various Balkan countries towards Western Europe【93†source】【96†source】.

3. **Humanitarian Situation**:

- The humanitarian needs inside Syria have intensified, especially following the February 2023 earthquakes, which exacerbated the already dire conditions. This has led to increased displacement both internally and towards neighboring countries and Europe【103†source】.

- Host countries like Jordan, Lebanon, and Egypt, which also have significant Syrian refugee populations, are facing severe economic pressures and funding shortfalls, further complicating the situation for refugees【103†source】.

### Efforts and Challenges:

- The European Union and international organizations continue to provide humanitarian assistance and support to Syrian refugees. However, funding constraints and the high number of displaced individuals present ongoing challenges.

- UNHCR and other agencies are actively involved in providing protection, education, and essential services to refugees across Europe, while also advocating for better integration policies and support mechanisms【103†source】【96†source】.

The continued influx and settlement of Syrian refugees in Europe underline the critical need for sustained international cooperation and comprehensive strategies to address both immediate humanitarian needs and long-term integration challenges.

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